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Proyplaea

Date

438-432 BC

Architecture

North and south wings fronted by 3 columned stoa.

North stoa slightly shallower and forms entrance porch.

       i.          Spacious rooms + off centre doors with two windows.

      ii.          Room known as pinakothek.

    iii.          Used for entertaining visitors.

South wing provides an easy way into adjacent sanctuary of Athene Nike.

       i.          Provides shade and rest for visitors after steep climb.

South stoa has open entrance to Nike sanctuary.

Central roof was pitched and pedimental like temple.

Doric porch columns on east and west not evenly spaced.

      ii.          Had to cater for Panathenaic procession with 100 sacrificial cattle.

    iii.          Ionic colonnade can easily vary spaces.

     iv.          Two levels because of slope.

Decoration

No sculpture planned for Propylaea.

No metope carvings

       i.          Absence intentional.

Left plain to offset abundance of sculpture on 3 main Acropolis temples.

       i.          Different functions.

Too difficult for viewers to take all of it in.



Difficulties faced when building the Propylaea

1)      Location of building

a)      On a slope/rocky terrain.

b)     Uses steps and a ramp.

2)      Getting all of the animals and people in.

a)      Created 3 aisles, with the middle one shallower for sacrificial animals.

3)      Blending in with Parthenon and other building styles.

a)      Uses both Doric and Ionic orders.

4)      Fulfilling its function whilst also being visually impressive.

a)      Can’t take it all in at first glance – represents the colossal size.

b)     Art gallery ad spaced for parties – symposium.

5)      Relationship with other temples.

a)      Can directly access Athene Nike from Propylaea. 


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