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Riace Warriors

Date

460-450 BC

Provenance

Cost of Italy

Material

Bronze

Attribution

Pheidias (?)

Authenticity

Greek bronze original

Subject Matter

Warrior from battle of Marathon?

Warrior from Trojan War?

Anatomy

Head slightly turned.

Facial hair – older man,

Warrior A peak of physical fitness.

Anatomy shows B is old than A.

Warrior A showing teeth. A is less wise than the older B.

Pattern and Proportion

Slightly over life-size.

Head to body ratio 1:7.

Only sources of pattern are hair and beard.

Legs too long and match upper length of body.

Pose and Realism

Relaxed pose.

Weight on one leg – hips tilted but not shoulders.

Counterpoise.

B more complex than A – made later?

Realism goes beyond and emphasised for effect.

Inguinal ridge too defined.

Drapery

Heroic nudity – gratuitous nudity.

Emphasis on character and status.

Emotion

Severe look.

Warrior A looks less worried than B.

Warrior A’s mouth open to show teeth – angry.


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