The Fall of the Roman Empire

What is the purpose of empire? How does power transition from one emperor to another? What happens when the framework of empire begins to dissolve? These notes span the 3rd and 4th centuries CE from Caracalla and Geta (211 CE) to Constantine (377 CE), encompassing the crisis of the 3rd century. 

  1. Introduction
  2. The Severan Dynasty. Caracalla, Geta, Macrinus.
  3. Later Severans. Elagabalus, Severus Alexander.
  4. Soldiers, Senators and Gordians. Maximinus Thrax, Gordian I and II, Pupienus and Balbinus, Gordian III
  5. Christianity. Philip the Arab, Decius.
  6. Valerian vs Shapur. Gallus, Aemilian, Valerian and Gallienus.
  7. Aurelian vs Zenobia. Claudius II, Quintillus and Aurelian.
  8. Administrative Revolution. Diocletian, Maximian. 
  9. Religious Revolution. Constantine.